EthniCity of leisure: a domains approach to ethnic integration during free time activities

Kristiina Kukk, Maarten Van Ham, T. Tammuru

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22 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)


This paper investigates the most common leisure time activities, activity sites and the interaction between members of minority and majority populations as they spend their time out-of-home and out-of-workplace. We ask the question how leisure time activities are related to the ethnic dimensions of residential and workplaces. Our case study area is Tallinn, Estonia, and the main findings show that leisure time activity patterns have become very similar across the main ethnic groups, which is different from what is found for workplace and residential segregation. This shows the integrative potential of leisure time activities. However, since members of the minority and majority population still tend to visit different leisure sites, there is little interaction. We also find that people often spend their free time close to home, which implies that high levels of ethnic residential segregation translate into ethnic segregation during leisure time.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-302
Number of pages14
JournalTijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie
Issue number3
Early online date20 Feb 2018
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019


  • Leisure time
  • Ethnic segmentation
  • Ethnic segregation
  • Domains approach
  • Mixed methods
  • Estonia


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