Eternity, relative realities, and ontological idealism about time

Matyas Moravec*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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This paper argues that idealism can offer a new solution to the problem of relating the “static” presence of things to eternity and the “dynamic” passage of reality in the temporal realm. I first offer a presentation of this problem using the dispute between Aquinas and Scotus, then describe “ontological idealism about time,” as a smaller–scale idealism, and show how it resolves the original problem. I conclude by demonstrating that this view is consonant with the recent emphasis on the ontological dependence of things on God and that it offers a way of bringing together non–eternalist ontologies and the ontological conclusions posited by the special theory of relativity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175–196
Number of pages22
Issue number1
Early online date19 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - 28 Sept 2021


  • Idealism
  • Scotus
  • Aquinas
  • Temporal ontology
  • Creation


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