Estonian Russian: if or when?

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle


The Russian language is the only 'big language' in the world to remain so closely connected to its parent nation-state, Russia. Despite the fact that it is used so widely across the post-Soviet sphere, there are no official country-specific varieties of the Russian language. This kind of ethnolinguistic nationalism is yet another mode by which Moscow influences the “near-abroad” and even European Union member states.
Original languageEnglish
Specialist publicationNew Eastern Europe
PublisherThe Jan Nowak-Jeziorański College of Eastern Europe (Kolegium Europy Wschodniej)
Publication statusPublished - 8 May 2019


  • Estonian Russian
  • Russian language
  • Hybrid warfare
  • Cyberspace
  • Language politics
  • Politics of script
  • European Union
  • Ukraine
  • Ethnolinguistic nationalism
  • Imperialism
  • Russkii mir


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