Episodic, mafic crust formation from 4.5 to 2.8 Ga: New evidence from detrital zircons, Slave craton, Canada

AB Pietranik, Christopher John Hawkesworth, CD Storey, AIS Kemp, KN Sircombe, MJ Whitehouse, W Bleeker

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    119 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The epsilon Hf and 8110 values in detrital zircons from the Slave craton, Canada, indicate three episodes of crust formation between ca. 4.5 and 2.8 Ga, namely at ca. 4.4-4.5 Ga, ca. 3.8 Ga, and ca. 3.4 Ga. Most of the juvenile crust appears to have been mafic in composition, and there is no clear evidence for initial granitic protocrust in the Hadean of the Slave craton. The range of initial epsilon Hf values in zircons increases from 3.9 to 2.8 Ga, indicating that both extraction of new material from mantle and reworking of the older crust are important for the secular evolution of the continental crust. A preliminary review of available Hf data in zircons suggests that the three episodes of crust generation may have been of global importance. The malic crust formed in the Archean and the Hadean was then reworked for at least similar to 0.5-1.5 b.y., as indicated by data from the Slave craton, Gondwana, and the Limpopo Belt of Africa.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)875-878
    Number of pages4
    JournalGeology
    Volume36
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2008

    Keywords

    • LU-HF
    • DEPLETED MANTLE
    • U-PB
    • CONTINENTAL-CRUST
    • OXYGEN ISOTOPES
    • NORTHWESTERN CANADA
    • TERRESTRIAL CRUST
    • EVOLUTION
    • HAFNIUM
    • GROWTH

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