Enteroviruses of Animals

L. E. Hughes*, M. D. Ryan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The classical techniques used to classify viruses have now been replaced by analyses of nucleotide sequence data. Many viruses previously classified as enteroviruses are now known to comprise new genera within the Picornaviridae. In consequence, several animal diseases such as Teschen (Talfan) disease are now associated with tescho-, rather than entero-, viruses. The most problematic animal enterovirus remains swine vesicular disease virus (SVDV) since this virus causes dermal lesions similar to foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV). Although problematic in their own right, SVDV-induced dermal lesions lead to misdiagnoses of FMDV. In general, other animal enteroviruses cause mild or asymptomatic infections. Evidence has accumulated which indicates that enteroviruses can be transmitted from animals to man and vice versa. The high mutation rates of these viruses, combined with a high frequency of recombination, leads to rapid evolution within the new host.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Virology
PublisherAcademic Press/Elsevier
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9780123744104
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2008


  • 2A Proteinase
  • 5' Nontranslated region
  • Bovine enteroviruses
  • Porcine enteroviruses
  • Simian enteroviruses
  • Swine vesicular disease


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