Enhanced seasonality of precipitation in the Mediterranean during the early part of the Last Interglacial

Alice M. Milner*, Richard E. L. Collier, Katherine H. Roucoux, Ulrich C. Mueller, Joerg Pross, Stavros Kalaitzidis, Kimon Christanis, Polychronis C. Tzedakis

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    57 Citations (Scopus)


    The deposition of sapropels in the eastern Mediterranean Sea is thought to occur during intervals of intensified African monsoon and increased precipitation in the Mediterranean borderlands. Speleothem and pollen records, however, reveal conflicting evidence for a Mediterranean-wide precipitation increase, suggesting that seasonal changes in the hydrological regime may be important. Using a multiproxy record, we present the first independent evidence for seasonality of precipitation during the early Last Interglacial (ca. 130-119 ka) from the Tenaghi Philippon peatland in northeast Greece. During the early part of the interglacial, mineralogical, macrofossil, and pollen records from the same core show a shift from mire to lacustrine conditions simultaneous with an expansion of sclerophyllous vegetation and the presence of acicular aragonite, indicating the onset of highly evaporative summer conditions. This indicates enhanced seasonality of precipitation and reconciles the apparent incongruity between Mediterranean pollen and speleothem records. It also provides evidence for significantly increased winter precipitation coeval with the deposition of sapropel S5, one of the most prominent sapropels of the Pleistocene. We suggest that in addition to the summer African monsoon component, increased winter precipitation from the northern Mediterranean borderlands may have contributed to maintaining reduced surface-water salinities in the Mediterranean Sea over the entire year.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)919-922
    Number of pages4
    Issue number10
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012


    • GREECE
    • REGION
    • SCALE
    • SEA


    Dive into the research topics of 'Enhanced seasonality of precipitation in the Mediterranean during the early part of the Last Interglacial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this