Energy efficiency, rebound effects and the environmental Kuznets Curve

K. Turner, N. Hanley

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    74 Citations (Scopus)


    Technological change is one factor used to justify the existence of an Environmental Kuznets Curve, and technological improvements have been argued to be a key factor in mitigating the impacts of economic growth on environmental quality. In this paper we use a CGE model of the Scottish economy to consider the factors influencing the impacts of one form of technological change-improvements in energy efficiency-on absolute levels of CO2 emissions, on the carbon intensity of the economy (CO2 emissions relative to real GDP), and the per capita EKC relationship. These factors include the elasticity of substitution between energy and non-energy inputs, responses in the labour market and the structure of the economy. Our results demonstrate the key role played by the general equilibrium price elasticity of demand for energy, and the relative influence of different factors on this parameter.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)709-720
    Number of pages12
    JournalEnergy Economics
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2011


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