Empire or Democracy

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle


Empire or Democracy (pp. 111-119). 2024. New Eastern Europe. No. 3 (61).

Democracy and imperialism are mutually exclusive.
No empire was, is or can be democratic. The British Empire
was not, the imperial People’s Republic of China is not, nor will
imperial Russia become a democracy, even when a self-professed
democrat is installed at its helm. The necessary precondition
of democratization in an empire is decolonization.
Original languageEnglish
No.3 (61)
Specialist publicationNew Eastern Europe
Publication statusPublished - 24 Apr 2024


  • imperialism
  • democracy
  • authoritarianism
  • Russian Empire
  • Portuguese Empire
  • Spanish Empire
  • deemocratization


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