Emergence of non-twisted magnetic fields in the Sun: jets and atmospheric response

P. Syntelis*, V. Archontis, C. Gontikakis, K. Tsinganos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
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Aims. We study the emergence of a non-twisted flux tube from the solar interior into the solar atmosphere. We investigate whether the length of the buoyant part of the flux tube (i.e. λ) affects the emergence of the field and the dynamics of the evolving magnetic flux system.

Methods. We perform three-dimensional (3D), time-dependent, resistive, compressible magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations using the Lare3D code.

Results. We find that there are considerable differences in the dynamics of the emergence of a magnetic flux tube when λ is varied. In the solar interior, for larger values of λ, the rising magnetic field emerges faster and expands more due to its lower magnetic tension. As a result, its field strength decreases and its emergence above the photosphere occurs later than in the smaller λ case. However, in both cases, the emerging field at the photosphere becomes unstable in two places, forming two magnetic bipoles that interact dynamically during the evolution of the system. Most of the dynamic phenomena occur at the current layer, which is formed at the interface between the interacting bipoles. We find the formation and ejection of plasmoids, the onset of successive jets from the interface, and the impulsive heating of the plasma in the solar atmosphere. We discuss the triggering mechanism of the jets and the atmospheric response to the emergence of magnetic flux in the two cases.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA10
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Early online date13 Nov 2015
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015


  • Sun: activity
  • Sun: interior
  • Sun: magnetic fields
  • Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD)
  • Methods: numerical


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