Elemental 13C at Allens Cave, Nullarbor Plain, Australia: Quantifying Post-Depositional Disturbance

CSM Turney, Michael Ian Bird, RG Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The degree to which host-depositional disturbance can be assessed in archaeological sequences is critical for the development of robust chronologies for such deposits. A common approach is the identification of conjoined artefacts distributed through the sequence as a measure of disturbance following deposition, although this method is relatively labour intensive and does not provide a continuous record of disturbance through the entire sequence. Here we present delta C-13 values for different size fractions (<125 and >125 km) of chemically resistant charcoal distributed through a sedimentary profile at Allen's Cave, South Australia. The curves generated from both size fractions parallel one another, indicating minimal disturbance through the entire profile and providing greater confidence in the luminescence and radiocarbon chronologies reported previously for the site. In addition, the elemental delta C-13 values provide an indication of greater aridity (compared with present) persisting in this area from ca. 45 to 12 ka, consistent with other proxy records. The onset of the Holocene is marked by a shift to wetter conditions, probably as a result of post-glacial marine transgression and closer proximity to the coastline. Copyright (C) 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)779-784
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Quaternary Science
Volume16
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2001

Keywords

  • elemental carbon
  • stable carbon isotope values
  • C3 and C4 photosynthetic pathways
  • Last Glacial Maximum
  • human colonisation
  • Australian archaeology
  • LAST GLACIAL MAXIMUM
  • ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES
  • HUMAN COLONIZATION
  • GREATER AUSTRALIA
  • VEGETATION
  • CLIMATE
  • RECORD
  • CARBON
  • DATES
  • TIME

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Elemental 13C at Allens Cave, Nullarbor Plain, Australia: Quantifying Post-Depositional Disturbance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this