Electrochemically switchable hydrogen-bonded molecular shuttles

A Altieri, FG Gatti, Euan Robert Kay, DA Leigh, D Martel, F Paolucci, Alexandra Martha Zoya Slawin, JK Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

211 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of [2]rotaxanes containing succinamide and naphthalimide hydrogen-bonding stations for a benzylic amide macrocycle is described. Electrochemical reduction and oxidation of the naphthalimide group alters its ability to form hydrogen bonds to the macrocycle to such a degree that redox processes can be used to switch the relative macrocycle-binding affinities of the two stations in a rotaxane by over 8 orders of magnitude. The structure of the neutral [2]rotaxane in solution is established by H-1 NMR spectroscopy and shows that the macrocycle exhibits remarkable positional integrity for the succinamide station in a variety of solvents. Cyclic voltammetry experiments allow the simultaneous stimulation and observation of a redox-induced dynamic process in the rotaxane which is both reversible and cyclable. Model compounds in which various conformational and co-conformational changes are prohibited demonstrate unequivocally that the redox response is the result of shuttling of the macrocycle between the two stations. At room temperature in tetrahydrofuran the electrochemically induced movement of the macrocycle between the two stations takes similar to50 mus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8644–8654
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume125
Issue number28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jul 2003

Keywords

  • REDOX-DEPENDENT RECEPTORS
  • LINEAR ROTAXANE DIMER
  • TRANSITION-METAL
  • ELECTRON-TRANSFER
  • TETRATHIAFULVALENE UNIT
  • LEVEL MACHINES
  • MOTIONS
  • RECOGNITION
  • PSEUDOROTAXANES
  • CATENANES

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