Electrical properties of bulk and grain boundaries of scandia-stabilized zirconia co-doped with yttria and ceria

W Preis, J Waldhäusl, A Egger, W Sitte, Eduarda Maria Soares De Carvalho Tomás, John Thomas Sirr Irvine

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The electrical properties of bulk and grain boundaries of scandia-stabilized zirconia co-doped with yttria and ceria have been determined as a function of temperature (300 < T/°C < 700) and oxygen partial pressure [10− 24 ≤ p(O2)/bar ≤ 1, T = 700 °C] by application of impedance spectroscopy. The yttria and ceria contents of CexY0.2 − xSc0.6Zr3.2O8 − δ (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.2) have been varied systematically. Homogeneous samples have been prepared by means of a sol–gel (glycine-nitrate) combustion process. The ionic conductivity in air is almost independent of composition with typical values around 0.03–0.04 S cm− 1 for the bulk at 700 °C. A significant decrease of the ionic conductivities of bulk and grain boundaries is found for samples co-doped with ceria at low oxygen partial pressures [p(O2) < 10− 15 bar, T = 700 °C]. Activation energies for the ionic transport in oxidizing (air) and reducing (1%-H2/Ar) atmospheres have been extracted from Arrhenius-plots. The oxygen nonstoichiometry in 1%-H2/Ar has been investigated by employing thermogravimetry. The decrease of the ionic conductivity under reducing conditions is accompanied by an increase of the corresponding high temperature activation energy of the bulk, which is interpreted in terms of defect association or clustering
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-152
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume192
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Solid electrolyte
  • Oxide ion conductor
  • Impedance spectroscopy
  • Scandia-stabilized zirconia
  • IT-SOFC

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