Ejecta Evolution Following a Planned Impact into an Asteroid: The First Five Weeks

Theodore Kareta, Cristina Thomas, Jian-Yang Li, Matthew M. Knight, Nicholas Moskovitz, Agata Rozek, Michele T. Bannister, Simone Ieva, Colin Snodgrass, Petr Pravec, Eileen V. Ryan, William H. Ryan, Eugene G. Fahnestock, Andrew S. Rivkin, Nancy Chabot, Alan Fitzsimmons, David Osip, Tim Lister, Gal Sarid, Masatoshi HirabayashiTony Farnham, Gonzalo Tancredi, Patrick Michel, Richard Wainscoat, Rob Weryk, Bonnie Burrati, Jana Pittichova, Ryan Ridden-Harper, Nicole J. Tan, Paul Tristram, Tyler Brown, Mariangela Bonavita, Martin Burgdorf, Elahe Khalouei, Penelope Longa, Markus Rabus, Sedighe Sajadian, Uffe Graae Jorgensen, Martin Dominik, Jean-Baptiste Kikwaya, Elena Mazzotta Epifani, Elisabetta Dotto, J. D. Prasanna Deshapriya, Pedro H. Hasselmann, Massimo Dall'Ora, Lyu Abe, Tristan Guillot, Djamel Mekarnia, Abdelkrim Agabi, Philippe Bendjoya, Olga Suarez, Amaury Triaud, Thomas Gasparetto, Maximillian N. Gunther, Michael Kueppers, Bruno Merin, Joseph Chatelain, Edward Gomez, Helen Usher, Cai Stoddard-Jones, Matthew Bartnik, Michael Bellaver, Brenna Chetan, Emma Dugan, Tori Fallon, Jeremy Fedewa, Caitlyn Gerhard, Seth A. Jacobson, Shane Painter, David-Michael Peterson, Joseph E. Rodriguez, Cody Smith, Kirill V. Sokolovsky, Hannah Sullivan, Kate Townley, Sarah Watson, Levi Webb, Josep M. Trigo-Rodrıguez, Josep M. Llenas, Ignacio Perez-Garcıa, A. J. Castro-Tirado, Jean-Baptiste Vincent, Alessandra Migliorini, Monica Lazzarin, Fiorangela La Forgia, Fabio Ferrari, Tom Polakis, Brian Skiff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The impact of the DART spacecraft into Dimorphos, moon of the asteroid Didymos, changed Dimorphos' orbit substantially, largely from the ejection of material. We present results from twelve Earth-based facilities involved in a world-wide campaign to monitor the brightness and morphology of the ejecta in the first 35 days after impact. After an initial brightening of ~1.4 magnitudes, we find consistent dimming rates of 0.11-0.12 magnitudes/day in the first week, and 0.08-0.09 magnitudes/day over the entire study period. The system returned to its pre-impact brightness 24.3-25.3 days after impact through the primary ejecta tail remained. The dimming paused briefly eight days after impact, near in time to the appearance of the second tail. This was likely due to a secondary release of material after re-impact of a boulder released in the initial impact, through movement of the primary ejecta through the aperture likely played a role.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Publication statusSubmitted - 27 Sept 2023

Keywords

  • Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics

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