Egypt and Syria: the authoritarian republics of the Middle East

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Authoritarianism has been the modal form of governance in the Middle East; but the very different forms it has taken allows us to explore the variation in kinds of authoritarian regimes.This chapter takes the cases of Egypt and Syria to explore the causes and outcomes of variation in the Middle East and North Africa’s (MENA) authoritarian republics over time and across country contexts.The analysis takes a historical sociology neo-Weberian approach, borrowing notably from Michael Mann’s dissection of the dimensions of regime building and also viewing state trajectories as the outcomes of interactions between the agency of regime builders and structural factors such as inherited regional culture and global political economy.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResearch handbook on authoritarianism
EditorsNatasha Lindstaedt, Jeroen J.J. Van den Bosch
Place of PublicationCheltenham
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing Ltd
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9781802204827
ISBN (Print)9781802204810
Publication statusPublished - 14 Mar 2024


  • Authoritarian republics
  • Egypt
  • Syria
  • Middle East
  • Populism
  • Post-populism


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