Efficient anisotropic polariton lasing using molecular conformation and orientation in organic microcavities

Florian Le Roux*, Andreas Mischok, Donal D. C. Bradley, Malte Christian Gather*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
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Organic exciton-photon polariton lasers are promising candidates for efficient generation of coherent light at room temperature. While their thresholds are now comparable with conventional organic photon lasers, tuning of molecular conformation and orientation as a means to control fundamental properties of their emission and further enhance performance remains largely unexplored. Here, we first report a two-fold reduction in the threshold of a microcavity polariton laser based on an active layer of poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) (PFO) when 15% β-phase conformation is introduced. We then take advantage of the liquid crystalline properties of PFO and use a thin photoalignment layer to induce nematic alignment of the polymer chains. The resulting transition dipole moment orientation increases the Rabi energy, bringing the system into the ultra-strong coupling regime and facilitating anisotropic polariton lasing with an eight-fold reduction in absorbed threshold, down to 1.14 pJ/0.36 μJcm-2 for the direction parallel to the orientation, with no emission along the orthogonal direction. This represents the first demonstration of anisotropic polariton lasing in conjugated polymer microcavities and a lower threshold than current organic vertical cavity surface-emitting photon and polariton lasers. Dipole orientation offers new opportunities for switchable, more efficient polaritonic devices and observation of fundamental effects at low polariton numbers.
Original languageEnglish
Article number202209241
Number of pages10
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
VolumeEarly View
Early online date18 Sept 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 18 Sept 2022


  • Molecular conformation and orientation
  • Polariton lasing
  • Exciton-polaritons
  • Conjugated polymer microcavities
  • Organic semiconductors
  • Liquid crystalline conjugated polymers


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