Effects of n-alkanols and a methyl ester on a transient potassium (IA) current in identified neurones from Helix aspersa

J P Winpenny, J R Elliott, A A Harper

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

1. A two-microelectrode voltage clamp was used to determine the effects of n-butanol, n-hexanol, n-octanol, n-decanol and methyl hexanoate on a transient potassium (IA) current in identified Helix aspersa neurones. Experiments were carried out at a temperature of 10-12 degrees C. 2. Each n-alkanol reversibly reduced the amplitude of the IA current. Logarithmic dose-response curves for the current reduction by each homologue were sigmoidal and had slope factors of around four. The concentrations required to reduce the peak (with time) current at -30 mV by 50% (ED50 +/- fitted standard error) were: 57 +/- 5 mM (n-butanol); 2.0 +/- 0.1 mM (n-hexanol); 0.28 +/- 0.02 mM (n-octanol) and 0.016 +/- 0.001 mM (n-decanol). Methyl hexanoate also reduced the current amplitude, with an ED50 of 1-2 mM. The Helix IA current thus showed a similar sensitivity to n-alkanols to that of squid and rat sodium currents but was rather more sensitive than the squid delayed rectifier potassium current. 3. The n-alkanol ED50 concentrations were used to calculate a standard free energy per methylene group for adsorption to a site of action in the cell of -3.1 +/- 0.2 kJ/mol. This suggested a hydrophobic site or sites of action. The regularity of the change in free energy with chain length was maintained up to, and including, n-decanol. This implied that the site(s) could accommodate a ten-carbon chain as readily as an eight-carbon chain. 4. The voltage dependencies of IA current activation and steady-state inactivation were not consistently altered by treatment with n-alkanols at concentrations around or above their current suppression ED50 concentrations. 5. The kinetics of current activation and inactivation were affected, particularly by lower chain length compounds. At 60 mM n-butanol reduced the time constant for development of inactivation of open channels (tau b) by 56%, while 0.016 mM n-decanol produced only a 13% reduction. n-Butanol (60 mM) also caused a substantial (76%) reduction in the time constant for development of inactivation in channels which were presumed to be closed. The effects of n-alkanols on the current time-to-peak (tc) were complex, showing both increases and decreases, but these actions also declined with chain length. Methyl hexanoate (1 mM) reduced tau b by around 30% and tc by around 20%. 6. n-Alkanols have now been shown to inhibit a number of voltage-gated ion conductances.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalThe Journal of Physiology
Volume456
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1992

Keywords

  • Action Potentials/drug effects
  • Alcohols/pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Caproates/pharmacology
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Helix, Snails
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Membrane Potentials/drug effects
  • Neurons/metabolism
  • Potassium Channels/drug effects

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