Effect of off-center ion substitution in morphotropic lead zirconate titanate

Mohan K. Bhattarai, Shojan P. Pavunny, Alvaro A. Instan, James Floyd Scott, Ram S. Katiyar

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4 Citations (Scopus)


A detailed study of the effect of off-center donor ion (Sc3+) substitution on structural, microstructural, optical, dielectric, electrical and ferroelectric properties of morphotropic lead zirconate titanate electroceramics with the stoichiometric formula Pb0.85Sc0.10Zr0.53Ti0.47O3 (PSZT), synthesized using a high-energy solid-state reaction technique, was carried out. Powder x-ray diffractometry was used to identify the stabilized tetragonal phase (space group P4mm) with considerably reduced tetragonal strain, c/a = 1.005. An analysis of the thermal dependence of the Raman results indicated a smooth order-disorder displacive (ferroelectric-paraelectric) phase transition as revealed by the observed disappearance of the soft modes A1 (1TO) and A1 (2TO) above 460 K. The dielectric response of Pt/PSZT/Pt metal-ferroelectric-metal (MFM) capacitors was probed over a wide range of thermal excursions (85-600 K) and ac signal frequencies (102-106 Hz). Thermally activated dynamic and static conduction processes indicate hopping conduction mechanism (Eact ≤ 0.015 eV) and the formation of small polarons caused by the electron and/or hole-lattice (phonon) interaction (Eact ≥ 0.1 eV) at low (100−300 K) and high temperatures (300−600 K), respectively. The reduction in remnant polarization obtained is in good agreement with the largely reduced tetragonal strain observed in this sample, ( Pr ∝√(c/a-1) ). DC current conduction is dominated by Poole-Frenkel mechanism that assumes a Coulombic attraction between de-trapped electrons and positively charged stationary defects in the polycrystalline matrix.
Original languageEnglish
Article number194102
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number19
Early online date17 May 2017
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 2017


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