Effect of eccentricity on disparity distributions in binocular natural images

David William Hunter, Paul Barry Hibbard

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Abstract

Sparse statistical representations of natural images produce energy efficient components resembling the responses of simple cells in V1. These models assume that the statistics are spatially stationary, when in fact these statistics are known to vary across the image. We analysed the effect of eccentricity on the independent components of binocular images. A set of binocular image pairs were divided into three regions according to distance from the focal point. For each region separate FastICA models were trained using 100,000 patches 2x25x25 pixels in size. 4000 components per region were generated in batches of 200. Pairs of Gabor functions were fitted to each component. The binocularity of components decreased with increasing eccentricity. The differences in position, phase and orientation within each pair were used as measures of disparity tuning. This was only done for clearly binocular components. Confidence intervals were calculated using 200 bootstraps. The spread of the distribution of preferred horizontal position disparity was greater for samples from more eccentric image locations. In contrast, the spread of preferred vertical position disparity was not affected by eccentricity. The distribution of phase disparities was markedly less symmetric towards the centre of the image compared with eccentric regions. More components were tuned to large phase disparities in the centre of the image than elsewhere. Orientation disparities showed a small but significant decrease with eccentricity. From the geometry of binocular vision the observed distributions of horizontal and vertical disparities is to be expected. The asymmetrical distribution of preferred phase disparities was not predicted, since the role of phase in disparity detection is not yet fully understood.
Original languageEnglish
Article number973
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of Vision
Volume14
Issue number10
Early online date22 Aug 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventVision Sciences Society 14th Annual Meeting - Tradewinds Island Resorts, St Petersberg, United States
Duration: 16 May 201421 May 2014

Keywords

  • Binocular vision
  • Disparity

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