Dust in the 55 Cancri Planetary System

R Jayawardhana, WS Holland, Jane Sophia Greaves, WRF Dent, GW Marcy, LW Hartmann, GG Fazio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The presence of debris disks around similar to 1 Gyr old main-sequence stars suggests that an appreciable amount of dust may persist even in mature planetary systems. Here we report the detection of dust emission from 55 Cancri, a star with one, or possibly two, planetary companions detected through radial velocity measurements. Our observations at 850 and 450 mu m imply a dust mass of 0.0008-0.005 Earth masses, somewhat higher than that in the Kuiper Belt of our solar system. The estimated temperature of the dust grains and a simple model fit both indicate a central disk hole of at least 10 AU in radius. Thus, the region in which the planets are detected is likely to be significantly depleted of dust. Our results suggest that far-infrared and submillimeter observations are powerful tools for probing the outer regions of extrasolar planetary systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-428
Number of pages4
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume536
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2000

Keywords

  • circumstellar matter
  • planetary systems
  • stars : individual (55 Cancri)
  • EXTRASOLAR PLANETS
  • GIANT PLANETS
  • STARS
  • DISK
  • EVOLUTION
  • CLOUDS

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