Dust-driven Winds Beyond Spherical Symmetry

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


New 2D dynamical models for the winds of AGB stars are presented which include hydrodynamics with radiation pressure on dust, equilibrium chemistry, time-dependent dust formation theory, and coupled frequency-dependent Monte Carlo radiative transfer. The simulations reveal a much more complicated Picture Of the dust formation and wind acceleration as compared to 1D spherical wind models. Triggered by non-spherical pulsations or large-scale convective motions, dust forms event-like in the cooler regions above the stellar surface which are temporarily less illuminated, followed by the radial ejection of dust arcs and clumps. These simulations can possibly explain recent high angular resolution interferometric IR, observations of red giants, which show an often non-symmetric and highly time-variable innermost dust formation and wind acceleration zone. The dependence of the mass-loss rates on stellar parameters is less threshold-like as used from 1D models, and therefore, it seems quite possible that the phenomenon of dust-driven winds may occur also in less evolved red giants.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationArt of Modelling Stars in the 21st Century
EditorsL Deng, KL Chan
Place of PublicationCAMBRIDGE
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)978-0-521-88983-4
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Event252nd Symposium of the International-Astronomical-Union - Sanya
Duration: 6 Apr 200811 Apr 2008


Conference252nd Symposium of the International-Astronomical-Union


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