DrosoPhyla: resources for drosophilid phylogeny and systematics

Cédric Finet, Victoria A Kassner, Antonio B Carvalho, Henry Chung, Jonathan P Day, Stephanie Day, Emily K Delaney, Francine C De Ré, Héloïse D Dufour, Eduardo Dupim, Hiroyuki F Izumitani, Thaísa B Gautério, Jessa Justen, Toru Katoh, Artyom Kopp, Shigeyuki Koshikawa, Ben Longdon, Elgion L Loreto, Maria D S Nunes, Komal K B RajaMark Rebeiz, Michael G Ritchie, Gayane Saakyan, Tanya Sneddon, Machiko Teramoto, Venera Tyukmaeva, Thyago Vanderlinde, Emily E Wey, Thomas Werner, Thomas M Williams, Lizandra J Robe, Masanori J Toda, Ferdinand Marlétaz

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The vinegar fly Drosophila melanogaster is a pivotal model for invertebrate development, genetics, physiology, neuroscience, and disease. The whole family Drosophilidae, which contains over 4,400 species, offers a plethora of cases for comparative and evolutionary studies. Despite a long history of phylogenetic inference, many relationships remain unresolved among the genera, subgenera, and species groups in the Drosophilidae. To clarify these relationships, we first developed a set of new genomic markers and assembled a multilocus data set of 17 genes from 704 species of Drosophilidae. We then inferred a species tree with highly supported groups for this family. Additionally, we were able to determine the phylogenetic position of some previously unplaced species. These results establish a new framework for investigating the evolution of traits in fruit flies, as well as valuable resources for systematics.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberevab179
Number of pages13
JournalGenome Biology and Evolution
Issue number8
Early online date3 Aug 2021
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021


  • Drosophilidae
  • Phylogenomics
  • Systematics


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