Dolutegravir pharmacokinetics in Ugandan patients with TB and HIV receiving standard- versus high-dose rifampicin

Allan Kengo, Ruth Nabisere, Kamunkhwala Gausi, Joseph Musaazi, Allan Buzibye, Denis Omali, Rob Aarnoutse, Mohammed Lamorde, Kelly E. Dooley, Derek James Sloan, Paolo Denti*, Christine Sekaggya-Wiltshire

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Higher rifampicin doses may improve tuberculosis treatment outcomes. This could however exacerbate the existing drug interaction with dolutegravir. Moreover, the metabolism of dolutegravir may also be affected by polymorphism of UGT1A1, a gene that codes for uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase. We used population pharmacokinetic modeling to compare the pharmacokinetics of dolutegravir when coadministered with standard- versus high-dose rifampicin in adults with tuberculosis and HIV, and investigated the effect of genetic polymorphisms. Data from the SAEFRIF trial, where participants were randomized to receive first-line tuberculosis treatment with either standard- 10 mg/kg or high-dose 35 mg/kg rifampicin alongside antiretroviral therapy, were used. The dolutegravir model was developed with 211 plasma concentrations from 44 participants. The median (interquartile range) rifampicin area under the curve (AUC) in the standard- and high-dose arms were 32.3 (28.7–36.7) and 153 (138−175) mg·h/L, respectively. A one-compartment model with first-order elimination and absorption through transit compartments best described dolutegravir pharmacokinetics. For a typical 56 kg participant, we estimated a clearance, absorption rate constant, and volume of distribution of 1.87 L/h, 1.42 h−1, and 12.4 L, respectively. Each 10 mg·h/L increase in the AUC of coadministered rifampicin from 32.3 mg·h/L led to a 2.3 (3.1–1.4) % decrease in dolutegravir bioavailability. Genetic polymorphism of UGT1A1 did not significantly affect dolutegravir pharmacokinetics. Simulations of trough dolutegravir concentrations show that the 50 mg twice-daily regimen attains both the primary and secondary therapeutic targets of 0.064 and 0.3 mg/L, respectively, regardless of the dose of coadministered rifampicin, unlike the once-daily regimen.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume67
Issue number11
Early online date18 Oct 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023

Keywords

  • Dolutegravir
  • Rifampicin
  • Drug interactions
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • NONMEM
  • Population pharmacokinetics
  • Modelig

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