DNA end directed and processive nuclease activities of the archaeal XPF enzyme

Jennifer A Roberts, Malcolm Frederick White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The XPF/Mus81 family of structure-specific nucleases cleaves branched or nicked DNA substrates and are implicated in a wide range of DNA repair and recombination processes. The structure of the crenarchaeal XPF bound to a DNA duplex has revealed a plausible mechanism for DNA binding, involving DNA distortion into upstream and downstream duplexes engaged by the two helix-hairpin-helix domains that form a dimeric structure at the C-terminus of the enzyme. A flexible linker joins these to the dimeric nuclease domain, and a C-terminal motif interacts with the sliding clamp, which is essential for the activity of the enzyme. Here, we demonstrate the importance of the downstream duplex in directing the endonuclease activity of crenarchaeal XPF, which is similar to that of Mus81-Eme1, and suggest a mechanistic basis for this control. Furthermore, our data reveal that the enzyme can digest a nicked DNA strand processively over at least 60 nt in a 3'-5' direction and can remove varied types of DNA lesions and blocked DNA termini. This in vitro activity suggests a potential role for crenarchaeal XPF in a variety of repair processes for which there are no clear pathways in archaea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6662-6670
Number of pages9
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Volume33
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • NUCLEOTIDE EXCISION-REPAIR
  • SULFOLOBUS-SOLFATARICUS
  • HETEROTRIMERIC PCNA
  • HOLLIDAY JUNCTIONS
  • CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE
  • ENDONUCLEASE
  • RAD1-RAD10
  • MECHANISM
  • BINDING
  • CROSSOVERS

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