Distributed energy generation techniques and the competitive fringe effect in electricity markets

Machiel Mulder, Vaiva Petrikaitė, Bert Scholtens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We analyse the impact of two different generation techniques used by fringe suppliers on the intensity of competition in the electricity wholesale market. For that purpose we derive a Cournot model of this market taking into account long-term contracts, international trade and fringe suppliers using different energy generating technologies. We apply this model to the Dutch market and estimate the impact of fringe supply on the Lerner index. We find that the fringe supply coming from both intermittent wind generation and combined heat and power (CHP) plants operated by horticultural farmers increases competition, which leads to lower prices in the electricity market. However, this impact is relatively small. The effect per unit of intermittent wind electricity generation on competition and, therefore, prices is stronger than that of the CHP technology.
Original languageEnglish
JournalResource and Energy Economics
VolumeIn press
Early online date26 Jul 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Green technology
  • Quantity competition
  • Fringe effect
  • CHP
  • Wind energy

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