Distinguishing electron diffusion and extraction in methylammonium lead iodide

Peter Brown, Arvydas Ruseckas, Lethy Krishnan Jagadamma, Oskar Blaszczyk, Jonathon R. Harwell, Natalie A. Mica, Eli Zysman-Colman*, Ifor D. W. Samuel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Charge diffusion and extraction are crucial steps in the operation of solar cells. Here we show that time-resolved photoluminescence can be used to study electron diffusion in hybrid perovskite films and subsequent transfer to the adjacent electron extraction layer. As diffusion and transfer to the extraction layer are consecutive processes, they can be hard to distinguish, but by exciting from each side of the sample we can separate them and identify which process limits charge extraction. We find that the introduction of a fullerene monolayer between the methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3) and the electron-transporting SnO2 layers greatly increases the electron transfer velocity between them to the extent that electron diffusion limits the rate of electron extraction. Our results suggest that increasing the electron diffusion coefficient in MAPbI3 would further enhance the electron extraction rate, which could result in more efficient n–i–p type solar cells.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3007–3013
Number of pages7
JournalThe Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Issue number12
Early online date21 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - 30 Mar 2023


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