Discovery of a Jupiter/Saturn analog with gravitational microlensing

B. S. Gaudi, D. P. Bennett, A. Udalski, A. Gould, G. W. Christie, D. Maoz, S. Dong, J. McCormick, M. K. Szymanski, P. J. Tristram, S. Nikolaev, B. Paczynski, M. Kubiak, G. Pietrzynski, I. Soszynski, O. Szewczyk, K. Ulaczyk, L. Wyrzykowski, D. L. Depoy, C. HanS. Kaspi, C. -U. Lee, F. Mallia, T. Natusch, R. W. Pogge, B. -G. Park, F. Abe, I. A. Bond, C. S. Botzler, A. Fukui, J. B. Hearnshaw, Y. Itow, K. Kamiya, A. V. Korpela, P. M. Kilmartin, W. Lin, K. Masuda, Y. Matsubara, M. Motomura, Y. Muraki, S. Nakamura, T. Okumura, K. Ohnishi, N. J. Rattenbury, T. Sako, To. Saito, S. Sato, L. Skuljan, Martin Dominik, Keith Douglas Horne, RoboNET Collaborations, uFUN Collaboration, MOA Collaboration, OGLE Collaboration, PLANET Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

250 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Searches for extrasolar planets have uncovered an astonishing diversity of planetary systems, yet the frequency of solar system analogs remains unknown. The gravitational microlensing planet search method is potentially sensitive to multiple- planet systems containing analogs of all the solar system planets except Mercury. We report the detection of a multiple- planet system with microlensing. We identify two planets with masses of similar to 0.71 and similar to 0.27 times the mass of Jupiter and orbital separations of similar to 2.3 and similar to 4.6 astronomical units orbiting a primary star of mass similar to 0.50 solar mass at a distance of similar to 1.5 kiloparsecs. This system resembles a scaled version of our solar system in that the mass ratio, separation ratio, and equilibrium temperatures of the planets are similar to those of Jupiter and Saturn. These planets could not have been detected with other techniques; their discovery from only six confirmed microlensing planet detections suggests that solar system analogs may be common.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)927-930
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume319
Issue number5865
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2008

Keywords

  • HIGH-MAGNIFICATION
  • EXTRASOLAR PLANETS
  • LENSING EXPERIMENT
  • LIGHT CURVES
  • SYSTEMS
  • SEARCH
  • STAR
  • DISK
  • EXOPLANETS
  • COMPANION

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