Direct observational test rules out small MgII absorbers

Andrew Pontzen, Paul Hewett, Robert Carswell, Vivienne Wild

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent observations suggest that the incidence of strong intervening Mg II absorption systems along the line of sight to gamma-ray burst afterglows is significantly higher than expected from analogous quasar sightlines. One possible explanation is a geometric effect, arising because Mg II absorbers only partially cover the quasar continuum regions, in which case MgII absorbers must be considerably smaller than previous estimates. We investigate the production of abnormal absorption profiles by partial coverage and conclude that the lack of any known anomalous profiles in observed systems, whilst constraining, cannot on its own rule out patchy MgII absorbers.

In a separate test, we look for differences in the distribution function of Mg II equivalent widths over quasar continuum regions and C III emission lines. We show that these anomalies should be observable in any scenario where Mg II absorbers are very small, but they are not present in the data. We conclude that models invoking small Mg II absorbers to explain the excess of absorbers seen towards gamma-ray bursts are ruled out.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L99-L103
Number of pages5
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume381
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Oct 2007

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