Dirac Strings and Magnetic Monopoles in the Spin Ice Dy2Ti2O7

D. J. P. Morris, David Alan Tennant, Santiago Andres Grigera, B. Klemke, C. Castelnovo, R. Moessner, C. Czternasty, M. Meissner, K. C. Rule, J. -U. Hoffmann, K. Kiefer, S. Gerischer, Demian Gustavo Slobinsky, Robin Stuart Perry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

414 Citations (Scopus)


Sources of magnetic fields-magnetic monopoles-have so far proven elusive as elementary particles. Condensed-matter physicists have recently proposed several scenarios of emergent quasiparticles resembling monopoles. A particularly simple proposition pertains to spin ice on the highly frustrated pyrochlore lattice. The spin-ice state is argued to be well described by networks of aligned dipoles resembling solenoidal tubes-classical, and observable, versions of a Dirac string. Where these tubes end, the resulting defects look like magnetic monopoles. We demonstrated, by diffuse neutron scattering, the presence of such strings in the spin ice dysprosium titanate (Dy2Ti2O7). This is achieved by applying a symmetry-breaking magnetic field with which we can manipulate the density and orientation of the strings. In turn, heat capacity is described by a gas of magnetic monopoles interacting via a magnetic Coulomb interaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-414
Number of pages4
Issue number5951
Publication statusPublished - 16 Oct 2009


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