Dipped Magnetic Field Configurations Associated with Filaments and Barbs

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23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, three-dimensional linear force-free field configurations that can be associated with filaments are considered. It is assumed that the field configurations are suitable to represent filaments if they contain magnetic dips. With the photospheric Bur distribution chosen to be an arcade with a dextral/sinistral axial component, it is found that dipped configurations exist only for large values of alpha (where, del x B = alpha B). The dips always lie above the polarity inversion line in the centre of the channel between the flux regions. When the dips are viewed from above to a depth of 1 Mm they resemble closely the shape of filaments viewed in absorption on the solar disk. As the magnitude of alpha increases, the horizontal acid vertical extent of the dips also increases, giving active-region filaments for low values of alpha and quiescient filaments for high values of alpha. Dextral filaments only form for negative values of alpha and sinistral filaments for positive values of alpha. The portion of the field line that is dipped is always of inverse polarity and the magnitude of the field in the dipped region increases with height, both of which are consistent with Leroy, Bommier, and Sahal-Brechot (1983). Overlying the region of dips there are arcades of normal polarity which have the correct left-bearing/right-bearing orientation for dextral/sinistral filaments. When the hypothesis of barbs occurring in dipped field lines is used, barbs that branch out of the main axis and to the right/left for dextral/sinistral filaments can be formed around minority polarity elements on either side of the polarity inversion line. No barbs are found around normal polarity elements. The model reproduces many of the observed features of filament channels, filaments and their barbs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)p.87-112
Number of pages26
JournalSolar Physics
Volume185
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1999

Keywords

  • QUIESCENT PROMINENCES
  • SOLAR PROMINENCES
  • MODEL
  • POLARITY

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