Digital modes of interpretation of Pictish sculpture

Sharon Pisani*, Alan Henry David Miller, Mark Hall

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Cultural heritage is no longer something that can only be experienced in a museum exhibition. Digital tools have facilitated the distribution of material relating to artefacts, both in its representation and in presenting its context. This paper describes how digital modelling techniques can be synthesised with 3D scanning to digitally restore artefacts and create authentic replicas of their original states. The digital artefacts can then be used to assist the process of interpreting these artefacts in diverse forms, both in the museum and outside the museum. The study looks at Pictish sculpture as a case-study, restoring 3D models of two stones, and creating varying opportunities for their interpretation. As part of this study, new interactive tools, a virtual reality environment, and a virtual tour are built to assist immersive interpretation of the Pictish sculpture. The application of these digitised objects serves as an opportunity for informal learning. These applications were evaluated during a drop-in session. Findings show that all participants enjoyed the immersive mode of learning with 89% also showing a willingness to learn more about the topic.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages34
JournalEducation and Information Technologies
Publication statusPublished - 23 Sept 2023


  • Digitisation
  • 3D modelling
  • Heritage interpretation
  • Immersive learning
  • Virtual reality
  • Digital heritage


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