Different MHC class I heavy chains compete with each other for folding independently of β2-microglobulin and peptide

S Tourdot, M Nejmeddine, Simon John Powis, K.G Gould

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We reported previously that different MHC class I molecules can compete with each other for cell surface expression in F, hybrid and MHC class I transgenic mice. In this study, we show that the competition also occurs in transfected cell lines, and investigate the mechanism. Cell surface expression of an endogenous class I molecule in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells was strongly down-regulated when the mouse K-d class I H chain was introduced by transfection. The competition occurred only after K-d protein translation, not at the level of RNA, and localization studies of a CHO class I-GFP fusion showed that the presence of Kd caused retention of the hamster class I molecule in the endoplasmic reticulum. The competition was not for beta-Microglobulin, because a single chain version of K-d that included mouse beta(2)-microglobutin also had a similar effect. The competition was not for association with TAP and loading with peptide, because a mutant form of the Kd class I H chain. not able to associate with TAP. caused the same down-regulation of hamster class I expression. Moreover, Kd expression led to a similar level of competition in TAP2-negative CHO cells. Competition for cell surface expression was also found between different mouse class I H chains in transfected mouse cells, and this competition prevented association of the H chain with beta(2)-microglobutin. These unexpected new findings show that different class I H chains compete with each other at an early stage of the intracellular assembly pathway, independently of beta(2)-microglobulin and peptide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)925-933
Number of pages9
JournalThe Journal of Immunology
Volume174
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2005

Keywords

  • CELL-SURFACE EXPRESSION
  • CYTOTOXIC T-LYMPHOCYTES
  • INFLUENZA-A VIRUS
  • ANTIGEN PRESENTATION
  • ENDOPLASMIC-RETICULUM
  • ALPHA-2 DOMAIN
  • HISTOCOMPATIBILITY MOLECULES
  • NK CELLS
  • HLA-A
  • COMPLEX

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