Development of very high luminance p–i–n junction-based blue fluorescent organic light-emitting diodes

Yali Deng, Caroline Murawski, Changmin Keum, Kou Yoshida, Ifor D. W. Samuel, Malte C. Gather*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)


Organic light‐emitting diodes (OLEDs) can emit light over much larger areas than their inorganic counterparts, offer mechanical flexibility, and can be readily integrated on various substrates and backplanes. However, the amount of light they emit per unit area is typically lower and the required operating voltage is higher, which can be a limitation for emerging applications of OLEDs, e.g., in outdoor and high‐dynamic‐range displays, biomedical devices, or visible‐light communication. Here, high‐luminance, blue‐emitting (λpeak = 464 nm), fluorescent p–i–n OLEDs are developed by combining three strategies: First, the thickness of the intrinsic layers in the device is decreased to reduce internal voltage loss. Second, different electron‐blocking layer materials are tested to recover efficiency losses resulting from this thickness reduction. Third, the geometry of the anode contact is optimized, which leads to a substantial reduction in the in‐plane resistive voltage losses. The OLEDs retain a maximum external quantum efficiency of 4.4% as expected for an optimized fluorescent device and reach a luminance of 132 000 cd m−2 and an optical power density of 2.4 mW mm−2 at 5 V, a nearly eightfold improvement compared to the original reference device.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1901721
JournalAdvanced Optical Materials
VolumeEarly View
Early online date20 Jan 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Jan 2020


  • CMOS-compatible devices
  • Device dimensions
  • Electron-blocking layer
  • High brightness
  • High current density
  • Organic light-emitting diodes
  • Resistance of anode contact


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