Determination of coronal loop properties from TRACE observations

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we determine the temperature profile along the footpoints of large coronal loops observed by TRACE in both the 171 Angstrom and 195 Angstrom passbands. The temperature along the lower part of these coronal loops only shows small variations and can probably be considered to be isothermal. Using the obtained temperature profile T (s) and an estimate of the column depth along the loop, we then determine the pressure along the lower part of the observed coronal loops and hence the value of the pressure scale length. The obtained scale lengths correspond in order-of-magnitude with the theoretically predicted gravitational scale height. We show that the differences between the observed and predicted scale heights are unlikely to be caused by (significant) flows along the loops but could possibly be a consequence of the inclination of the loops. This implies that the quasi-periodic intensity oscillations observed in the loops are most probably caused by compressive waves propagating upward at the coronal sound speed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-86
Number of pages18
JournalSolar Physics
Volume215
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2003

Keywords

  • LONGITUDINAL INTENSITY OSCILLATIONS
  • SOLAR CORONA
  • MEASURED PARAMETERS
  • HEATING MECHANISM
  • TRANSITION-REGION
  • TEMPERATURES
  • EXPLORER
  • EIT

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