Design of Anode Materials for IT SOFC: Effect of Complex Oxide Promoters and Pt Group Metals on Activity and Stability in Methane Steam Reforming of Ni/YSZ (ScSZ) Cermets

Vladislav A. Sadykov, Oleg F. Bobrenok, John Irvine, Oleksandr D. Vasylyev, Alevtina L. Smirnova, Natalia V. Mezentseva, Rimma V. Bunina, Galina M. Alikina, Anton I. Lukashevich, Vladimir I. Zaikovskii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ni/YSZ or Ni/ScCeSZ cermets were promoted by up to 10 wt % of fluoritelike (Pr-Ce-Zr- O, La-Ce-Zr-O, and Ce-Zr-O) or perovskitelike (La-Pr-Mn-Cr-O) oxides and small (up to 1.4 wt %) amounts of Pt group metals (Pd, Pt, or Ru). Reactivity of samples, their lattice oxygen mobility, and their ability to activate methane were characterized by temperature-programed reduction by CH4. The catalytic properties of these samples in methane steam reforming were studied at 500-850 degrees C and short contact times (10 ms) in feeds with 8 mol % of CH4 and steam/methane ratio of 1: 3. Oxide promoters ensure stable performance of cermets in stoichiometric feeds at T > 650 degrees C by suppressing carbon deposition. Copromotion with precious metals enhances performance in the intermediate temperature (450-600 degrees C) range due to more efficient activation of methane. Factors determining specificity of these cermet materials' performance (chemical composition, microstructure, oxygen mobility in oxides, interaction between components, and reaction media effect) are considered. The most promising systems for practical application are Pt/Pr-Ce-Zr-O/Ni/YSZ and Ru/La-Pr-Mn-Cr-O/Ni/YSZ cermets demonstrating a high performance in the intermediate temperature range under broad variation in steam/CH4 ratio. [DOI: 10.1115/1.3117255]

Original languageEnglish
Article number011005
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology
Volume7
Issue number1
Early online date6 Oct 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010

Keywords

  • SOFC composite anodes
  • Ni/8YSZ and Ni/ScCeSZ
  • methane steam reforming
  • perovskite and fluoritelike oxide promoters
  • Pd
  • Pt
  • Ru
  • lattice oxygen reactivity
  • CH4 TPR
  • TEMPERATURE FUEL-CELLS
  • ELECTROLYTE
  • OXIDATION
  • ZIRCONIA
  • CATALYSTS
  • GD
  • NI
  • PERFORMANCE
  • CONVERSION
  • LA

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