Density and distribution of western chimpanzees around a bauxite deposit in the Boé Sector, Guinea-Bissau

Filipe Dias, José Wenceslau, Tiago A. Marques, David L. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The Boé sector in southeast Guinea‐Bissau harbors a population of western chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) that inhabits a mosaic of forest and savanna. The Boé sector contains a substantial bauxite deposit in a region called Ronde Hill, and there are plans for the construction of a mine, which may endanger the chimpanzee population. In 1‐week survey in May 2013, we used the standing crop nest counts method to obtain the number of chimpanzee nests and from that estimate the density and abundance of chimpanzees. We carried out five 1‐km line transects that covered the bauxite deposit and surrounding valleys. We used density surface modeling to analyze habitat preferences, then predicted chimpanzee nest density and distribution based on environmental variables. We found the projected location of the mine partially coincides with an area of high predicted abundances of chimpanzee nests and is surrounded by highly suitable areas for chimpanzees (northeast and southwest). We conclude the mine could have significant direct and indirect effects on this population of chimpanzees whose impacts must be carefully considered and properly mitigated if the mine is built.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere23047
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Primatology
Volume81
Issue number9
Early online date13 Sept 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2019

Keywords

  • Western chimpanzee
  • Boé
  • Bauxite mining
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Density surface modelling

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