Dendrochronologically dated pine buildings from Scotland: the SCOT2K native pine dendrochronology project

Coralie M. Mills*, Anne Crone, Cheryl Wood, Rob Wilson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The SCOT2K project has extended native pine tree-ring chronology coverage for Scotland to enable reconstruction of past climate and for cultural heritage dating benefits. Using living trees from multiple locations in the Highlands and sub-fossil material from lochs, a network of five regional chronologies has been produced. The project has developed the application of Blue Intensity (BI), a proxy measure for maximum latewood density, which is faster and less costly to obtain than traditional densitometry measurements. The use of both ring-width and BI has been demonstrated to greatly assist historical dendro-dating of pine. This paper presents the dating results for the twenty Scottish pine buildings or sites dendro-dated through the SCOT2K project. They range from the fifteenth to the nineteenth centuries, and from high-status castles to modest cruck cottages. They are mostly located in the Highlands where Scots pine occurs naturally, although an early example of long-distance transport is also identified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-43
Number of pages21
JournalVernacular Architecture
Issue number1
Early online date12 Dec 2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Dendrochronology
  • Historic buildings
  • Pine
  • Scotland
  • Scottish Highlands
  • Timber


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