Cumulative exposure to disadvantage and the intergenerational transmission of neighbourhood effects

Lina Hedman, David John Manley, Maarten Van Ham, John Östh

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    Abstract

    Studies of neighbourhood effects typically investigate the instantaneous effect of point-in-time measures of neighbourhood poverty on individual outcomes. It has been suggested that it is not solely the current neighbourhood, but also the neighbourhood history of an individual that is important in determining an individual’s outcomes. Using a population of parental home-leavers in Stockholm, Sweden, this study investigates the effects of two temporal dimensions of exposure to neighbourhood environments on personal income later in life: the parental neighbourhood at the time of leaving the home and the cumulative exposure to poverty neighbourhoods in the subsequent 17 years. Using unique longitudinal Swedish register data and bespoke individual neighbourhoods, we are the first to employ a hybrid model, which combines both random and fixed effects approaches in a study of neighbourhood effects. We find independent and non-trivial effects on income of the parental neighbourhood and cumulative exposure to poverty concentration neighbourhoods.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)195-215
    JournalJournal of Economic Geography
    Volume15
    Issue number1
    Early online date17 Dec 2013
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Keywords

    • Neighbourhood effects
    • Cumulative exposure
    • Intergenerational transmission
    • Poverty concentration
    • Hybrid model
    • Bespoke neighbourhoods

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