¿Cuándo fracasa el terrorismo? El papel de la política antiterrorista, la fragmentación organizativa y los costes individuales en el final de Terra Lliure

Translated title of the contribution: When does terrorism fail? The role of counter-terrorism, organizational fragmentation and individual costs in the end of Terra Lliure

Diego Muro, Simon Vall-Llosera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

When do terrorist campaigns end? Why do terrorist groups decline? What are the causes of terrorist disbandment? What are the explanatory factors that account for individual and collective disengagement? This paper analyzes the case of Terra Lliure, a Catalan terrorist group active between 1979 and 1995, in order to identify the independent variables that determine the success or failure of terrorist groups. In accordance to the literature on political violence, the paper develops a multi-level argument that distinguishes three explanatory variables: (1) counter-terrorism; (2) organizational dynamics; and (3) individual factors. The article concludes that a counter-terrorist policy (macro level) based on increasing the cost of participation in an insurgent group is most successful when it coincides with organizational fragmentation (meso level) and individual burnout (micro level).

Translated title of the contributionWhen does terrorism fail? The role of counter-terrorism, organizational fragmentation and individual costs in the end of Terra Lliure
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)39-61
Number of pages23
JournalRevista Espanola de Ciencia Politica
Volume1
Issue number40
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Counter-terrorism
  • Disengagement
  • Political violence
  • Terra lliure
  • Terrorism

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