Crystallization of Newcastle disease virus Hemagglutinin-Neuraminidase Glycoprotein

T Takimoto, Garry Lindsay Taylor, SJ Crennell, RA Scroggs, A Portner

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35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) glycoprotein of Newcastle disease virus was isolated by cleaving HN (cHN) from reconstituted virosome with chymotrypsin. N-terminal sequence analysis of the purified cHN showed that chymotrypsin cleavage had occurred at amino acid 123, freeing the C-terminal 454 amino acids. The purified cHN retained its neuraminidase and receptor binding activities and reacted with specific monoclonal antibodies, showing that the isolated cHN was biologically and antigenically functional. The crystals of the cHN were obtained in acetate buffer (pH 4.6) containing polyethylene glycol 3350 and ammonium sulfate and belong to the orthorhombic space group P2(1)2(1)2(1) with unit cell dimension of approximately a = 72 Angstrom, b = 78 Angstrom, and c = 198 Angstrom. Crystals of cHN grown in the presence of sialic acid (Neu5Ac) were grown in HEPES buffer (pH 6.2) containing polyethylene glycol 3350 and belong to the hexagonal space groups P6, or P6(5) with unit cell dimensions of a = b = 137.5 Angstrom and c = 116.6 Angstrom. The orthorhombic crystals produced in this study diffract X rays to at least 2.0-Angstrom resolution, thereby setting the stage for the solution of the three-dimensional structure of the HN glycoprotein of a paramyxovirus. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-214
Number of pages7
JournalVirology
Volume270
Publication statusPublished - 25 Apr 2000

Keywords

  • SENDAI VIRUS
  • INFLUENZA-VIRUS
  • FUSION PROTEIN
  • MEMBRANE-FUSION
  • HN-GLYCOPROTEIN
  • CELL-FUSION
  • TYPE-1
  • GENE
  • IDENTIFICATION
  • PROMOTION

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