CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE OF THE POLYMER ELECTROLYTE POLY(ETHYLENE OXIDE)3LICF3SO3

P LIGHTFOOT, M A MEHTA, P G BRUCE

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399 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ionically conducting polymers (polymer electrolytes) are under intensive investigation because they form the basis of all solid-state lithium batteries, fuel cells, and electrochromic display devices, as well as being highly novel electrolytes. Little is known about the structures of the many crystalline complexes that form between poly(ethylene oxide) and a wide range of salts. The crystal structure is reported of the archetypal polymer electrolyte poly(ethylene oxide)3:LiCF3SO3, which has been determined from powder x-ray diffraction data. The poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) chain adopts a helical conformation parallel to the crystallographic b axis. The Li+ cation is coordinated by five oxygen atoms-three ether oxygens and one from each of two adjacent CF3SO3- groups. Each CF3SO3- in turn bridges two Li+ ions to form chains running parallel to and intertwined with the PEO chain. There are no interchain links between PEO chains, and the electrolyte can be regarded as an infinite columnar coordination complex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)883-885
Number of pages3
JournalScience
Volume262
Issue number5135
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 1993

Keywords

  • COMPLEX
  • OXIDE)
  • CONDUCTIVITY

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