Correlating the transition dipole moment orientation of phosphorescent emitter molecules in OLEDs with basic material properties

Arko Graf, Philipp Liehm, Caroline Murawski, Simone Hofmann, Karl Leo, Malte Christian Gather

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

98 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The orientation of the emissive dipole moment of seven iridium-based phosphorescent emitter molecules commonly used in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) is investigated. The orientation of Ir(ppy)3, Ir(ppy)2(acac), Ir(chpy)3, Ir(dhfpy)2(acac), Ir(BT)2(acac), Ir(MDQ)2(acac), and Ir(piq)3 is determined by measuring the angle dependent spectral radiant intensity of the transverse magnetic polarized emission from p–i–n OLEDs comprising these emitters. The experimental data are compared to the intensity calculated by a multilayer simulation method that includes the anisotropy factor describing the average dipole orientation. Surprisingly, among these molecules, Ir(ppy)3 is the only emitter showing an isotropically distributed transition dipole moment. In order to correlate our results with basic molecular properties, the permanent dipole moment and the size of the molecules are calculated by density functional theory (DFT). The dipole–dipole potential obtained for Ir(ppy)3 is more than 2.5 times larger than those for all other emitter molecules investigated here, indicating that this parameter is correlated with the transition dipole moment orientation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry C
VolumeEarly online
Early online date17 Oct 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Correlating the transition dipole moment orientation of phosphorescent emitter molecules in OLEDs with basic material properties'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this