Coronal Seismology and the Propagation of Acoustic Waves Along Coronal Loops

JA Klimchuk, SEM Tanner, Ineke De Moortel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We use a combination of analytical theory, numerical simulation, and data analysis to study the propagation of acoustic waves along coronal loops. We show that the intensity perturbation of a wave depends on a number of factors, including dissipation of the wave energy, pressure and temperature gradients in the loop atmosphere, work action between the wave and a flow, and the sensitivity properties of the observing instrument. In particular, the scale length of the intensity perturbation varies directly with the dissipation scale length (i.e., damping length) and the scale lengths of pressure, temperature, and velocity. We simulate wave propagation in three different equilibrium loop models and find that dissipation and pressure and temperature stratification are the most important effects in the low corona where the waves are most easily detected. Velocity effects are small and cross-sectional area variations play no direct role for lines of sight that are normal to the loop axis. The intensity perturbation scale lengths in our simulations agree very well with the scale lengths we measure in a sample of loops observed by TRACE. The median observed value is 4.35 x 10(9) cm. In some cases the intensity perturbation increases with height, which is likely an indication of a temperature inversion in the loop (i.e., temperature that decreases with height). Our most important conclusion is that thermal conduction, the primary damping mechanism, is accurately described by classical transport theory. There is no need to invoke anomalous processes to explain the observations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1232-1241
Number of pages10
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume616
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2004

Keywords

  • conduction
  • hydrodynamics
  • Sun : corona
  • Sun : oscillations
  • waves
  • SLOW MAGNETOACOUSTIC WAVES
  • TRANSITION-REGION
  • MHD WAVES
  • TRANSVERSE OSCILLATIONS
  • MAGNETOSONIC WAVES
  • MAGNETIC-FIELDS
  • SOLAR CORONA
  • TRACE
  • EXPLORER
  • PLUMES

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Coronal Seismology and the Propagation of Acoustic Waves Along Coronal Loops'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this