Conversion of 2-methyl-4-styrylquinolines into 2,4-distyrylquinolines: synthesis, and spectroscopic and structural characterization of five examples

Diana R. Vera, Diana M. Ardila, Alirio Palma, Justo Cobo, Christopher Glidewell*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Four new 2,4-distyryl­quino­lines and one 2-styryl-4-[2-(thio­phen-2-yl)vin­yl]quinoline have been synthesized using indium trichloride condensation reactions between aromatic aldehydes and the corresponding 2-methyl­quino­lines, which were themselves prepared using Friedländer annulation reactions between mono- or diketones and (2-amino­phen­yl)chalcones: the products have all been fully characterized by spectroscopic and crystallographic methods. 2,4-Bis[(E)-styr­yl]quino­line, C25H19N, (IIa), and its di­chloro analogue, 2-[(E)-2,4-di­chloro­styr­yl]-4-[(E)-styr­yl]quino­line, C25H17Cl2N, (IIb), exhibit different orientations of the 2-styryl unit relative to the quino­line nucleus. In each of the 3-benzoyl analogues {2-[(E)-4-bromo­styr­yl]-4-[(E)-styr­yl]quinolin-3-yl}(phen­yl)methanone, C32H22BrNO, (IIc), {2-[(E)-4-bromo­styr­yl]-4-[(E)-4-chloro­styr­yl]quinolin-3-yl}(phen­yl)methanone, C32H21BrClNO, (IId), and {2-[(E)-4-bromo­styr­yl]-4-[(E)-2-(thio­phen-2-yl)vin­yl]quinolin-3-yl}(phen­yl)methanone, C30H20BrNOS, (IIe), the orientation of the 2-styryl unit is similar to that in (IIa), but the orientation of the 4-aryl­vinyl units show considerable variation. The thio­phene unit in (IIe) is disordered over two sets of atomic sites having occupancies of 0.926 (3) and 0.074 (3). There are no hy­dro­gen bonds of any kind in the structure of (IIa), but in (IId), a single C—H...O hy­dro­gen bond links the mol­ecules into cyclic centrosymmetric R22(20) dimers. A combination of C—H...N and C—H...π hy­dro­gen bonds links the mol­ecules of (IIb) into a three-dimensional framework structure. A combination of three C—H...π hy­dro­gen bonds links the mol­ecules of (IIc) into sheets, and a combination of C—H...O and C—H...π hy­dro­gen bonds forms sheets in (IIe). Comparisons are made with the structures of some related compounds.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberC79
Pages (from-to)94-103
Number of pages10
JournalActa Crystallographica Section C Structural Chemistry
Volume79
Issue numberPart 3
Early online date22 Feb 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2023

Keywords

  • Heterocyclic compounds
  • Synthesis
  • Quinolines
  • Styryl­quino­lines
  • NMR spectroscopy
  • Crystal structure
  • Molecular conformation
  • Hydrogen bonding
  • Supramolecular assembly
  • Privileged scaffold

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