Constraints on the superconducting state of Sr2RuO4 from elastocaloric measurements

Grgur Palle*, Clifford Hicks, Roser Valentí, Zhenhai Hu, You-Sheng Li, Andreas Rost, Michael Nicklas, Andrew P. Mackenzie, Jörg Schmalian

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
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Strontium ruthenate Sr2RuO4 is an unconventional superconductor whose pairing symmetry has not been fully clarified, despite more than two decades of intensive research. Recent NMR Knight shift experiments have rekindled the Sr2RuO4 pairing debate by giving strong evidence against all odd-parity pairing states, including chiral p-wave pairing that was for a long time the leading pairing candidate. Here, we exclude additional pairing states by analyzing recent elastocaloric measurements [Y.S. Li et al., Nature 607, 276 (2022)]. To be able to explain the elastocaloric experiment, we find that unconventional even-parity pairings must include either large dx2−y2 -wave or large {dxz | dyz}-wave admixtures, where the latter possibility arises because of the body-centered point group symmetry. These {dxz | dyz}-wave admixtures take the form of distinctively body-centered-periodic harmonics that have horizontal line nodes. Hence gxy(x2−y2 )-wave and dxy-wave pairings are excluded as possible dominant even pairing states.
Original languageEnglish
Article number094516
Number of pages20
JournalPhysical Review. B, Condensed matter and materials physics
Publication statusPublished - 26 Sept 2023


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