Conservatism Versus Innovation: The Great Ape Story

Josep Call*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract defines innovation as the "introduction of new things or methods" and it lists "tradition" as one of its antonyms. For those of us interested in ape behavior and cognition, this poses an interesting puzzle. Chimpanzees and orangutans are well known for their social traditions which persist over generations and yet, they have been traditionally considered some of the most innovative creatures in the planet. Can one be tradition-bound and yet a naturally-born innovator.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAnimal Creativity and Innovation
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9780128007136
ISBN (Print)9780128006481
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Ape behaviour
  • Chimpanzee
  • Conservatism
  • Innovation
  • Orangutan
  • Persistence
  • Social learning
  • Tool use
  • Tradition


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