Confusion reigns? A review of marine megafauna interactions with tidal-stream environments

Steven Benjamins, Andrew Dale, Gordon Drummond Hastie, James Waggitt, Mary-Anne Lea, Beth Scott, Ben Wilson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

59 Citations (Scopus)


Energetic tidal-stream environments are characterized by frequent, variable, yet broadly predictable currents containing ephemeral flow structures that change across multiple spatio-temporal scales. Marine mammals and seabirds (marine megafauna) often frequent such sites, but increasingly these locations are targeted for renewable energy extraction; little is known, however, about how marine megafauna use these habitats and any potential impacts. This review aims to summarize existing knowledge concerning usage by marine megafauna and considers their wider ecological significance. The review describes the physical processes occurring within tidal-stream environments that generate the oceanographic structures of potential ecological relevance, such as jets, boils, eddies, and fronts. Important physical features of these environments include lateral transport, turbulence-driven
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOceanography and Marine Biology
Subtitle of host publicationAn Annual Review
EditorsR.N. Hughes, D.J. Hughes, I.P. Smith, A.C. Dale
PublisherCRC Press
ISBN (Print)978-1-4987-0545-5
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2015

Publication series

NameOceanography and Marine Biology - An Annual Review
ISSN (Print)0078-3218


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