Conductivity and redox stability of perovskite oxide SrFe1-xTixO3-delta (x

Peter I. Cowin, Rong Lan, Christophe T. G. Petit, Shanwen Tao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A solid solution with the cubic perovskite structure was observed for SrFe1-xTixO3-delta (x = 0-0.3), with an increase in the lattice parameters noted upon increasing dopant concentration. Material stability in air was observed for all compounds, with a decrease in conductivity noted upon increasing dopant concentration attributed to a reduction in charge carrier concentration. A reduction in weight proportional to the titanium content was observed upon exposure to 5% H-2/Ar, although reduction at 700 degrees C was observed to elicit a structural transitions and the formation of a secondary phase for samples SrFeO3-delta and SrFe0.9Ti0.1O3-delta respectively. Conductivity measurements at 600 degrees C demonstrated a larger decrease in the conductivity with increasing dopant concentration, while all investigated oxides are stable after reducing in 5% H-2/Ar at 600 degrees C. It was found that the conductivity of SrFe0.8Ti0.2O3-delta and SrFe0.7Ti0.3O3-delta in 5% H-2/Ar is insufficient to be used as anode for SOFCs. In the investigated compositions, SrFe0.9Ti0.1O3-delta exhibits desired conductivity and redox stability, reduced thermal expansion coefficient compared to SrFeO3-delta, which is a promising redox stable anode for IT-SOFCs. (C) 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-70
Number of pages9
JournalSolid State Sciences
Volume46
Early online date19 May 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2015

Keywords

  • Conductivity
  • Perovskite
  • Strontium ferrite
  • Anode
  • Solid oxide fuel cell
  • FUEL-CELLS
  • ANODE MATERIALS
  • NEUTRON-DIFFRACTION
  • MOSSBAUER
  • CATHODE
  • SYSTEM
  • NONSTOICHIOMETRY
  • ELECTRODES
  • OXIDATION
  • CRYSTAL

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