Conceptualising State Capacity: Comparing Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan

Sally Nikoline Cummings, O. Norgaard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Strengthening the state is central to the post-communist reform agenda. Here, state capacity combines organisational, material and social resources and is conceptualised along four dimensions: ideational, political, technical and implementational. This conceptualisation is applied to a comparative, survey-based analysis in 2002 of 125 medium-ranking officials in two post- communist Central Asian countries, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. The findings reveal that although Kazakhstan's controlled economic reform programme and natural resources have placed it in a stronger position to develop its state capacity, important ideational, political and implementational problems pose long-term obstacles for reform. In turn, Kyrgyzstan's early liberalisation in the absence of economic and social resources may be serving to undermine its state capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)685-708
Number of pages24
JournalPolitical Studies
Volume52
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2004

Keywords

  • POLITICAL-ECONOMY
  • SPECIAL ISSUE
  • PERSPECTIVE
  • NEXUS

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