Comrade Warhol

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This article explores Andy Warhol’s Hammer and Sickle series of the 1970s. It outlines the history of its production, and examines the place of politics, especially communism, within Warhol’s drawings, paintings and photographs. Most commentary on the Hammer and Sickle series has emphasized the power of the symbol in the United States, but this article explores the value of reading Warhol’s series as ‘European’.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-122
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of European Popular Culture
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016


  • Andy Warhol
  • Pop art
  • European art history
  • Communism
  • Hammer and sickle


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