Comparison of fitness of two isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, one of which had developed mulit-drug resistance during the course of treatment

A. P. Davies, O. J. Billington, B. A. Bannister, W. R.C. Weir, T. D. McHugh, S. H. Gillespie*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: We report the cases of two patients, brother and sister, both with pulmonary tuberculosis. Both patients complied poorly with treatment. One developed multi-drug resistant disease, whilst the other did not. We aimed to show that the two infecting strains were the same, and then to compare the fitness of the resistant strain to that of the sensitive strain. Methods: The isolates were typed by RFLP. The fitness of the multi-drug resistant tuberculosis strain was determined by calculating the ratio of generation produced by the drug-resistant and a drug-susceptible strain in a mixed culture. The number of bacteria present in this broth culture was estimated using the Miles and Misra technique. The number of drug-resistant bacteria present was determined by inoculating aliquots of broth onto Middlebrook 7H10 agar with 5 mg/I rifampicin. Results: The infecting strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis was shown to be the same on RFLP typing in both cases. It was found that the multi-drug resistant organism had decreased fitness compared to the sensitive organism. Conclusion: The decreased relative fitness of the resistant strain implies a physiological cost for the development of drug resistance. (C) 2000 The British Infection Society.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-187
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Infection
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2000

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